Bahrain Patents - JAH CO.IP
Bahrain Patents

Patent requirements:

A power of attorney with an Apostille certification.

An extract from the Commercial Register or from the Memorandum of Association if the applicant is a company, with an Apostille certification.

One copy of the English specification and claims together with its Arabic translation.

One set of the drawings relating to the invention, if any.

An abstract of the invention of no more than 200 words, together with the best explanatory diagram.

A deed of assignment signed by the inventor and the applicant and duly legalized up to an Arab consulate, if the applicant is not the inventor.

A certified copy of the application giving the filing date, number and country if the application is to be filed with a priority claim.

A patent application can be filed with a simple copy of the power of attorney signed and sealed with the corporate stamp of the applicant company provided that the original legalized copy should be submitted with three months from the date of filing the patent application and simple copies of documents under 2 and 5.

Please note that the documents in items (3, 4 and 5) mentioned above should be submitted to the Patent Office on the filing date of the application, while documents in items [2, 6 & 7 can be submitted within 90 days (strictly non-extendible) from the filing date of the patent application.


Assignment Applications:

A Power of Attorney signed by the assignee company, with an Apostille certification.

Deed of assignment executed by both parties with an Apostille certification.


Registered User/License Agreement Applications:

A Power of Attorney signed by the licensee company, with an Apostille certification.

License agreement executed by both parties and duly legalized up to an Arab consulate.


Change of Name/Address Applications:

A Power of Attorney signed by the new name and address company, with an Apostille certification.

A certificate proving the change of name or address issued by a competent authority of the applicant’s domicile.


The currently applicable Patents and Utility Models law in Bahrain is Law no. 1 of 2004, which was promulgated on January 29, 2004. On May 8, 2006, Ministerial Resolution no. 54/2006 regarding the implementing regulations was issued. The Patent Office started accepting patent applications as of May 11, 2006.

On May 28, 2006, Law No. 14/2006 amending some articles of Law no. 1/2004 concerning Patents and Utility Models was issued in order to comply with the provisions of the Patent Law Treaty and Patent Cooperation Treaty which entered into force in the Kingdom on April 28, 2005. This law became effective as of June 01, 2006.

As for Patents and Utility Models granted since the year 1986 (that is, before the promulgation of Law no. 1 of 2004), they will be treated as if granted under the new Law and will therefore be governed by its provisions. As such, the remaining protection term of the said patents will be calculated based on the 20 year protection period as defined by the law. Furthermore, the annuities of the said patents will apply on the remaining protection period and are payable starting from May 8, 2006, the date of issuance of the regulations implementing Law no. 1/2004.


Patent applications accepted by the Registrar are published in the Official Gazette. Oppositions may be filed within 60 days from publication date.


It is possible for patent applications and granted patents published in the Official Gazette to be searched by title, patentee name, subject matter, and patent number.


As to form, novelty and industrial applicability.


A maintenance fee is due annually on the anniversary of the date of grant. There is a 6-month grace period for late payment with a surcharge.


Protection Term

The term of protection of Patents is 20 years from filing date or from priority date if priority is claimed.


Compulsory License

A patent has to be worked. If the patent is not being fully exploited by the patentee within 3 years from the date of grant, then the patent will be subject to compulsory licensing under the provisions of the law.


Novelty Requirements

Absolute novelty is required. However, disclosure of the invention in an official or officially recognized national/international exhibition and/or disclosure of the invention without the knowledge or consent of the inventor shall not be taken into consideration if occurred within the 12-months preceding the filing date of the patent application.


Special Protection Rights:

Patents of Addition.


Patent extensions are provided to compensate for unreasonable delays that occur in granting the patent. Unreasonable delays include the issuance of the patent more than four years from the date of filing of the application. Furthermore, with respect to any pharmaceutical product that is subject to a patent, an extension of the patent term is available to compensate the patent owner for unreasonable reduction of the effective patent term as a result of the marketing approval process.